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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1995 Mar;21(3):129-33.

Comparison of three methods of antifungal susceptibility testing with the proposed NCCLS standard broth macrodilution assay: lack of effect of phenol red. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.

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Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research, Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center Hospital, Massachusetts 02160, USA.


Three microtiter plate adaptations of the NCCLS proposed standard for antifungal susceptibility testing were evaluated and compared to the NCCLS broth macrodilution method. Thirteen different fungi, including yeasts and moulds were studied. The first microtiter based method was performed exactly as described for the tube dilution assay, with the exception of performance of the assay in 100 microliter in wells of the microtiter plate. The second assay was the same as the first, except for the deletion of phenol red from the RPMI 1640. The third microtiter assay was based on the reduction of the formazan dye, XTT, after only 24 hours of incubation. All three microtiter methods compared favorably with the macrodilution method, when visually read after either 24 or 48 hours of incubation. Minimum inhibitory concentrations obtained by the XTT assay were usually lower than those obtained by the methods requiring a visual end point determination. Results were reproducible and comparable to those obtained with the NCCLS method. We conclude that microtiter plate adaptation of the NCCLS proposed standard is feasible and the presence of phenol red does not alter the results with the drugs tested. A 24 hour assay using XTT may provide a quicker and more quantitative method of susceptibility testing of fungi. Further investigation of this approach is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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