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Childs Nerv Syst. 1995 May;11(5):269-75.

Subdural intracranial pressure monitoring in craniosynostosis: its role in surgical management.

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Craniofacial Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, London, UK.


In the management of craniosynostosis subdural intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring has proved a useful and safe means of identifying those children with raised ICP who are at risk from its long-term sequelae and who would benefit from early surgical intervention. Overnight subdural ICP recordings have been obtained in 136 unoperated cases of craniosynostosis. Fifteen patients were studied both before and after cranial vault remodelling procedures. ICP was raised (> 15 mmHg) in 35%, borderline (10-15 mmHg) in 37% and normal (< 10 mmHg) in 27% of cases. Raised ICP was present in 28/53 of the syndromic craniofacial dysostosis cases and in 20/83 non-syndromic craniosynostosis cases investigated (P < 0.001). Raised mean ICP and periodic plateaux of sustained ICP during sleep were particularly associated with the syndromic cases. Of the 15 patients studied following cranial vault surgery, 9 showed a reduction in ICP, 3 were unchanged and 3 had higher ICP postoperatively. The results of ICP monitoring can contribute significantly to formulating a rational and staged surgical management plan incorporating the need to normalise ICP and correct the frequently severe functional and cosmetic consequences of these disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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