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Br J Surg. 1995 Aug;82(8):1060-5.

Exposure of the peritoneal cavity to air regulates early inflammatory responses to surgery in a murine model.

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Department of Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin.


Factors in circulating air may play a role in immune responses after surgery through induction of gut-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation across the gut. CD-1 mice were randomized to one of four treatment groups: controls, laparoscopy with carbon dioxide inflation, laparoscopy with air inflation and laparotomy. The peritoneal and systemic immune response was assessed by evaluating peritoneal macrophage, blood monocyte and neutrophil activity. In a second study, the effect of each of the treatments on fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-LPS translocation across the gut was assessed. There were significant (P < 0.05) increases in peritoneal tissue macrophage release of superoxide and tumour necrosis factor after laparoscopy with air and laparotomy compared with control procedures and carbon dioxide laparoscopy. However, peritoneal macrophage FITC-Candida albicans ingestion was significantly decreased after air laparoscopy and laparotomy compared with controls and carbon dioxide laparoscopy (P < 0.05). These findings correlated with a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in CD11b expression. Significant translocation into the peritoneal cavity and systemic circulation occurred after air laparoscopy and laparotomy only. Factors in circulating air can induce LPS translocation and subsequent stimulation of postoperative immune responses. The beneficial effects of laparoscopic surgery may be explained by the minimal air contamination of the peritoneal cavity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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