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Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 1995 Mar;9 Suppl 2:257-63.

Antiischemic effects of nicorandil during coronary angioplasty in humans.

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2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


The present study was undertaken on 10 patients with angina undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. The angioplasty procedure consisted of two successive 30-second balloon inflations at 5 minute intervals. After the first inflation, nicorandil (0.1 mg/kg) was given intravenously over a 2-minute period. The second inflation was then performed 3 minutes after the completion of drug administration. Myocardial ischemia was measured as the magnitude of ST-segment elevation on the intracoronary electrocardiogram (intracoronary ECG) recorded from the guidewire. Nicorandil significantly reduced the magnitude of ST-segment elevation. Nicorandil did not change the heart rate-blood pressure product, nor the oxygen saturation of the blood sampled from the great cardiac vein, nor the velocity of coronary blood flow in those patients with no evidence of collaterals. These results favor the conclusion that nicorandil prolongs the intrinsic ability of cardiac myocyte to withstand oxygen deprivation. This salutary effect is possibly due to a direct cellular mechanism because nicorandil did not modify the peripheral and coronary hemodynamic parameters that govern myocardial oxygen consumption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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