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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Aug 15;92(17):7637-41.

Constitutive phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha by casein kinase II.

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1
Molecular Biology and Virology Laboratory, Salk Institute, San Diego, CA 92186-5800, USA.

Abstract

The NF-kappa B/Rel proteins are sequestered in the cytoplasm in association with the phosphorylated form of I kappa B alpha. Upon induction with a wide variety of agents, the activity of NF-kappa B/Rel proteins is preceded by the rapid degradation of I kappa B alpha protein. We report the identification and partial purification of a cellular kinase from unstimulated or stimulated murine cells, which specifically phosphorylates the C terminus of I kappa B alpha. There are several consensus sites for casein kinase II (CKII) in the C-terminal region of I kappa B alpha. Additionally, the activity of the cellular kinase is blocked by antibodies against the alpha subunit of CKII. No phosphorylation of the C-terminal region of I kappa B alpha can be detected if the five possible serine and threonine residues that can be phosphorylated by CKII are mutated to alanine. A two-dimensional tryptic phosphopeptide map of I kappa B alpha from unstimulated cells was identical to that obtained by in vitro phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha with the partially purified cellular kinase. We propose that constitutive phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha is carried out by CKII.

PMID:
7644469
PMCID:
PMC41200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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