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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1995 May;351(5):483-90.

Facilitation of noradrenaline release from rat brain slices by beta-adrenoceptors.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Medical School Shreveport 71130-3932, USA.

Abstract

The present study examined whether stimulation of beta-adrenoceptors facilitated noradrenaline release in the rat brain. Electrical stimulation-evoked overflow of tritium from rat cerebral cortical, hypothalamic and hippocampal slices labelled with 3H-noradrenaline was measured during superfusion for 100 min. Tissue slices were electrically simulated (1 Hz, 20 mA, 2 ms, 2 min), at 20 (S1) and 70 (S2) min after the onset of superfusion. The nonselective beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol (0.1-10 nM) enhanced stimulation-evoked overflow of tritium from slices of cerebral cortex, hypothalamus and hippocampus in a concentration-dependent manner; mean S2/S1 ratios with 10 nM isoproterenol were 161 +/- 11%, 142 +/- 15% and 143 +/- 12% of control, respectively, in the three brain regions. The facilitatory effect of isoproterenol in cerebral cortical slices was antagonized by propranolol (50 nM), a nonselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, and by the beta 1- and beta 2-selective adrenoceptor antagonists ICI 89,406 (1 nM) and ICI 118,551 (1 nM), respectively. The beta 1- and beta 2-selective adrenoceptor agonists prenalterol and albuterol (0.1-10 nM), respectively, also increased stimulation-evoked overflow of tritium from cerebral cortical slices; these effects were antagonized by beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. These findings suggest that stimulation of beta-adrenoceptors enhance noradrenaline release from rat cerebral cortical, hypothalamic and hippocampal slices; this release mechanism appears to involve both beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor subtypes. These facilitating presynaptic receptors may be involved in mediating the antidepressant-like behavioral effects of beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists.

PMID:
7643911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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