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Leukemia. 1995 Aug;9(8):1368-72.

Expression of FLT3 receptor and FLT3-ligand in human leukemia-lymphoma cell lines.

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German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig.


The FLT3 gene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase that is closely related to two well-known receptors, KIT and FMS, that regulate with their respective ligands, stem cell factor (SCF) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells. The ligand for FLT3, FL, is active in both soluble and membrane-bound forms. We examined expression of FL and FLT3 mRNA in a panel of some 110 continuous human leukemia-lymphoma cell lines from all major hematopoietic cell lineages by Northern blot analysis. FLT3 mRNA is expressed primarily in pre-B cell lines, myeloid and monocytic cell lines whereas FL mRNA was detected in most cell lines from all cell lineages. Analysis of FLT3 receptor protein expression examined with a specific anti-FLT3 monoclonal antibody and flow cytometry in 17 cell lines confirmed the results obtained at the mRNA level. Forty of 110 cell lines displayed both receptor and ligand mRNA suggesting a possible autocrine or intracrine stimulation. In normal hematopoietic cells expression of FLT3 was reported to be associated with CD34 positivity, a cell surface marker of immature and precursor cells. No correlation between FLT3 and CD34 expression was found in the cell lines analyzed. These studies served to illustrate further the importance of the FL-FLT3 ligand-receptor system in the regulation of hematopoietic cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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