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Infect Immun. 1995 Sep;63(9):3731-5.

Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a prototype Campylobacter killed whole-cell vaccine in mice.

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Enteric Diseases Program, Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20889-5607, USA.


The immunogenicity and efficacy of an experimental inactivated Campylobacter jejuni whole-cell (CWC) vaccine were evaluated in mice. Mice were orally immunized in a three-dose primary series (48-h intervals) at doses of 10(5), 10(7), or 10(9) CWC vaccine particles alone or in combination with 25 micrograms of a mucosal adjuvant, the heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (LT). The comparative immunogenicities of both formulations were assessed on the basis of the generation of antigen-specific antibodies in serum and intestinal secretions, and efficacy was determined by measuring the degrees of protection afforded against intestinal colonization and systemic dissemination of challenge organisms. Campylobacter-specific intestinal immunoglobulin (Ig) A responses were dependent on the use of LT, whereas IgA and IgG responses in serum were not. Colonization resistance was induced over a broad range of vaccine doses when LT was included. However, only the highest dose of CWC alone gave comparable levels of protection. Both formulations provided equivalent protection against systemic spread of challenge organisms. These results indicate that both whole-cell vaccine formulations deserve further evaluation as candidate vaccines and also highlight the potential value of mucosal adjuvants, like LT, in enteric vaccine development.

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