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Horm Metab Res. 1995 May;27(5):231-4.

Decreased expression of the GLUT4 glucose transporter protein in adipose tissue during pregnancy.

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1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Insulin resistance involves impaired activities of the glucose transport system in insulin target tissues. We therefore investigated the GLUT4 glucose transporter protein in adipose tissues from the pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance and from women with gestational diabetes mellitus, and compared these to nonpregnant women. Three groups of women were studied: nonpregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (N = 6), pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (N = 6, gestational week 38.0 +/- 0.3), and pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (N = 3, gestational week 38.6 +/- 0.3). The abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissues obtained from each group were subjected to analysis of the GLUT4 glucose transporter protein. The presence of the GLUT4 glucose transporter protein in the three groups was quantitatively determined by Western blot analysis of detergent-soluble adipose tissue extracts using anti-GLUT4 antibody. GLUT4 glucose transporter protein concentration in the adipose tissue of pregnant women were significantly lower than that in nonpregnant women, and this difference was more profound in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. We demonstrated that the content of GLUT4 protein was decreased in adipose tissue from normal pregnancy compared to nonpregnant women.

PMID:
7642174
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-979946
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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