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Gene. 1995 Aug 8;161(1):1-6.

Cloning and sequence analysis of the DNA ligase-encoding gene of Rhodothermus marinus, and overproduction, purification and characterization of two thermophilic DNA ligases.

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Institute of Biology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik.


In this paper we describe the cloning and sequence analysis of a gene encoding DNA ligase (Lig; EC from the thermophilic bacterium Rhodothermus marinus (Rm). We also describe the overexpression of the Lig-encoding genes of Rm and the thermophile, Thermus scotoductus (Ts), in Escherichia coli, and the purification and characterization of the overproduced Lig. The Rm lig gene encodes a protein of 712 amino acids (aa) with a calculated molecular mass of 79,487 Da. Comparison with published sequences of bacterial Lig revealed significant homology between the NAD(+)-utilizing Lig, and alignment of their aa sequences revealed several blocks of conserved residues. Both of the purified Lig exhibit nick-closing activity over a wide range of temperatures. Under our assay conditions the Rm Lig was active at 5-75 degrees C with apparent optimal activity above 55 degrees C. The Ts enzyme showed activity at 15-75 degrees C with optimal activity above 65 degrees C. The half-life of the Lig at 91 degrees C was estimated to be 7 min for the Rm Lig and 26 min for the Ts Lig.

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