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Fertil Steril. 1995 Sep;64(3):486-91.

The accuracy of hysterosalpingography in the diagnosis of tubal pathology: a meta-analysis.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the value of hysterosalpingography (HSG) in diagnosing tubal patency and peritubal adhesions using laparoscopy with chromopertubation as the gold standard.

DESIGN:

Meta-analysis of 20 studies comparing HSG and laparoscopy for tubal patency and peritubal adhesions.

PATIENTS:

Four thousand one hundred seventy-nine patients with infertility in 20 studies.

INTERVENTION:

Hysterosalpingography and diagnostic laparoscopy as part of infertility workup.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Tubal patency and peritubal adhesions.

RESULTS:

For tubal patency the reported sensitivity and specificity differed between studies. In a subset of studies that evaluated HSG and laparoscopy independently, a point estimate of 0.65 for sensitivity and 0.83 for specificity was calculated. For peritubal adhesions a summary receiver operating characteristic curve could be estimated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although HSG is of limited use for detecting tubal patency because of its low sensitivity, its high specificity makes it a useful test for ruling in tubal obstruction. For the evaluation of peritubal adhesions HSG is not reliable.

PMID:
7641899
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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