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Plant Mol Biol. 1995 Aug;28(5):785-97.

A carrot cDNA encoding an atypical protein kinase homologous to plant calcium-dependent protein kinases.

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School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332, USA.


Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) in plants typically contain a C-terminal calmodulin-like domain with four EF-hand calcium-binding motifs. We have isolated a carrot somatic embryo cDNA clone which encodes a new, divergent isoform of this family, designated CRK (CDPK-related kinase). The catalytic domain of CRK shares a high degree of homology with the catalytic domains of plant CDPKs (53.5% average identity with its two closest phylogenetic relatives, CDPK431 (carrot) and AK1 (Arabidopsis). However, the C-terminal domain of CRK bears significantly less homology to calmodulin (22.0% identity to barley calmodulin) than other plant CDPKs (38.0% average identity between barley calmodulin and the C-terminal domains of CDPK431 and AK1). This degeneracy also involves the EF-hand motifs of CRK, which have diverged to varying extents. The predicted structure of CRK also contains an extended N-terminal domain 145 amino acids in length possessing a consensus N-myristoylation signal. CRK transcripts are most abundant in somatic embryos, with lesser accumulations in flowers and leaves and lowest levels in roots. Homologous genomic DNA sequences that hybridize with CRK cDNA but not with a carrot CDPK probe have been detected in a variety of higher plant taxa, including monocotyledonous species, suggesting that this CDPK-related kinase is widely conserved among angiosperms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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