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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1995 May;91(5):331-5.

Compliance with treatment in schizophrenia: a drug intervention program in a developing country.

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Department of Psychiatry, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan.


The compliance with drug regimens and follow-up visits of 225 known cases of relapsed schizophrenia was assessed. About 27% of the patients met the criteria for good compliance. The compliance was found to be significantly related to the patients' view of usefulness of the medication, treatment duration of less than 5 years, dosage schedule of once or twice per day and the supervision of medication at home. Patients with poor compliance who were prescribed drug dosage of not more than twice per day throughout follow-up and underwent counseling to enhance treatment compliance had a significantly lower relapse rate than the controlled group at the end of 1 year of follow-up. The importance of family support and understanding patients' cultural background in ensuring good compliance was highlighted.

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