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Ter Arkh. 1995;67(5):54-7.

[Antiendothelial antibodies in systemic scleroderma and Raynaud's disease].

[Article in Russian]


Using ELISA on fixed endothelial hybridoma (EAhy.926) cells we investigated the occurrence of antiendothelial antibodies (AEA) in the sera from patients with scleroderma systematica (SS) (n = 70) and Raynaud's disease (RD) (n = 19). The mean IgG and IgA-AEA levels were significantly higher in the SS patients than RD patients (p < 0.001) and controls (p < 0.001). We have detected circulating IgG-AEA in 64.2% of patients with SS, 35.2% of SS sera were positive for IgA-AEA. In patients with RD, the frequency of AEA corresponded to that of the random population sample. We have found a high incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon, myositis, telangiectasia and marked digital ischaemia (digital ischemic pulp ulcers, digital scars, osteolysis and autoamputation) among AEA positive patients with SS. AEA-positive patients were characterized by high extent and severity of Raynaud's phenomenon and higher average nailfold capillary microscopy scores. No correlations were found between AEA and different clinical or laboratory parameters, including the type of scleroderma (diffuse and limited), the presence of anti-Scl-7O and anticentromere antibodies and the clinical features of SS (lungs, kidneys and heart involvement, esophageal dysfunction, calcinosis, Sjogren's syndrome). There was no significant correlation between the AEA level and patient age, extent of skin involvement (skin score). Thus, in SS, AEA is associated with a peripheral vasculopathy and represent a useful marker for the diagnosis of endothelial dysfunction.

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