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J Membr Biol. 1995 May;145(1):13-9.

Lipid-ion channel interactions: increasing phospholipid headgroup size but not ordering acyl chains alters reconstituted channel behavior.

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University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Tucson 85724, USA.


We have recently shown (Chang et al., 1995) that lipid-channel interactions, exemplified by the effects of cholesterol on the calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel, profoundly affect channel properties. The present study further explores such interactions by monitoring changes in BK channel behavior after reconstitution into bilayers where the size of phospholipid (PL) headgroups is increased and where the freedom of motion (inverse order) of fatty acid chains is incremented. Increasing the PL headgroup cross-sectional area, from that of N-meth-DOPE to that of DOPC (an increase from ca. 60 to 70 A2), is associated with a doubling of the channel mean opentime. Channel conductance, however, was unaffected. Increasing the order of the fatty acid chains, from that of DOPE to POPE and to that of DEPE, had no significant effect on channel properties (at 22 degrees C). We interpret the changes reported here to reflect lipid-protein interactions through the induction of structural stress related to the headgroup structures of phospholipids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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