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J Oral Rehabil. 1995 Jun;22(6):445-9.

Development and assessment of an objective method of colour change measurement for acrylic denture base resins.

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Section of Operative Dentistry, Maurice and Gabriela Golschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.


Current standard specifications for the laboratory evaluation of denture base materials require subjective assessment of colour stability. This study evaluates a new objective measurement technique for translucent denture base materials, by comparing quantitative data with the results obtained from a standard subjective method. Preliminary work on three representative commercial acrylic materials resulted in the selection of a white background for the quantification of colour change of these translucent materials. One half of each sample was exposed to artificial sunlight for 24 h. The colour of both exposed and unexposed resin was measured on the CIE L*a*b* scale using a photo-electric colorimeter. Significant changes in the b* and E* values (P < 0.01) were observed following light exposure. Objective data for a wide range of commercial materials were compared with the results of a subjective evaluation and it was shown that a change in b* of 1.5 units was discernable subjectively by eye for 100% of the cases. It is suggested that this method and limit value could form the basis of a new objective colour change specification for polymeric dental materials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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