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J Immunol. 1995 Aug 15;155(4):2151-7.

The delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction is dependent on IL-8. Inhibition of a tuberculin skin reaction by an anti-IL-8 monoclonal antibody.

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Department of Dermatology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark.


Cell-mediated immune reactions are essential to our immune response toward foreign organisms such as microorganisms, or in the response toward foreign tissue Ags, as seen in the rejection of allogeneic transplanted organs. Similar reactions form the basis for the development and the progression of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions. We found that the alpha-chemokine IL-8 plays an important pathophysiologic role for the development of a DTH reaction because infusion of a neutralizing anti-IL-8 mAb (WS-4) was able to suppress the development of a tuberculin skin reaction in rabbits, as judged by histologic, biochemical, and clinical examinations. Thus, the number of neutrophil granulocytes and lymphocytes at the site of tuberculin injection was decreased considerably, and the clinical signs of inflammation were suppressed almost completely at 24 h after intracutaneous injection of tuberculin, as judged by the size of the infiltrates. In contrast, we did not see any effect on the visible erythema of the skin. We found that the tissue content of myeloperoxidase (MPO), reflecting the number of infiltrating neutrophils, was lowered significantly. Furthermore, immunohistochemical analysis confirmed that IL-8 immunoreactivity is actually enhanced in the skin of positive tuberculin reactions. The results indicate that IL-8 plays an important role for the early accumulation of leukocytes in the skin and for the clinical signs of a DTH reaction.

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