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Hepatology. 1995 Aug;22(2):539-45.

Protective effects of N-acetylcysteine on hypothermic ischemia-reperfusion injury of rat liver.

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1
Laboratoire de Chirurgie Expérimentale de la Fondation Transplantation, Hôpital Universitaire de Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

We investigated whether intraportal injection of 150 mg/kg N-acetylcysteine (NAC) into rats reduced hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury after 48 hours of cold storage and 2 hours of reperfusion. The organ was isolated and perfused to evaluate liver function. The control group received an intraportal injection of 5% dextrose. NAC increased L-cysteine concentrations 15 minutes after injection (1.29 +/- 0.11 mumol/g vs. 2.68 +/- 0.4 mumol/g, P < .05). However, neither treatment modified glutathione liver concentrations relative to preinjection values. After 48 hours of cold storage and 2 hours of reperfusion, livers from NAC-treated rats produced larger amounts of bile than those in the control group (5.04 +/- 1.92 vs. 0.72 +/- 0.37 microL/g liver; P < .05), and showed a significant reduction in liver injury, as indicated by reduced release of lactate dehydrogenase (679.4 +/- 174.4 vs. 1891.3 +/- 268.3 IU/L/g; P < .01), aspartate transaminase (AST) (13.94 +/- 3.5 vs. 38.75 IU/L/g; P < .01), alanine transaminase ALT) (14.92 +/- 4.09 vs. 45.91 +/- 10.58 IU/L/g; P < .05), and acid phosphatase, a marker of Kupffer cell injury (344.4 +/- 89.6 vs. 927.3 +/- 150.8 IU/L/g; P < .01) in the perfusate. Reduced glutathione concentrations in the perfusate were similar in the two groups (805 +/- 69 vs. 798 +/- 252 nmol/L/g), whereas oxidized glutathione (GSSG) concentrations were higher in the control group (967 +/- 137 vs. 525 +/- 126 nmol/L/g; P < .05). Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations in liver tissue collected at the end of perfusion were significantly higher in the NAC group (7.3 +/- 0.9 vs. 4.1 +/- 1.0 mumol/g; P < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7635422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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