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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995 Mar;(312):238-46.

Hip fractures in adults younger than 50 years of age. Epidemiology and results.

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Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland.


A review of the records of 3147 patients with hip fractures admitted to the authors' institution during a 5-year period revealed that 95 (3%) patients were aged 50 years or less at the time of fracture. Of patients between the ages of 20 and 40 years, hip fracture most commonly occurred in men after high-energy injuries. These injuries commonly occurred in the subtrochanteric and basicervical regions, or as a vertical transcervical fracture. In contrast, most patients between 40 and 50 years of age were medically frail and sustained osteoporotic-type fractures during simple falls. A treatment protocol of early reduction followed by internal fixation was evaluated in 75 nonpathologic fractures. At a mean of 25 months, fracture union with a good or satisfactory functional outcome was found in 57 (76%) patients, and 5 (7%) patients died of unrelated medical problems. Complications of primary treatment developed in 16 (21%) patients, but only 13 (17%) revision procedures were required. A satisfactory functional outcome was found in 10 patients who had uncomplicated revision surgery, but there were poor functional results in the 3 who required tertiary surgery. Despite the previously reported poor results of treatment of hip fracture in young adults, these results demonstrate that satisfactory results can be achieved with early, accurate fracture reduction followed by rigid internal fixation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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