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Am Heart J. 1995 Aug;130(2):340-4.

Comparison of late outcome between Inoue balloon and double-balloon techniques for percutaneous mitral valvotomy in a matched study.

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1
Department of Cardiology, White Memorial Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.

Abstract

The follow-up results between Inoue balloon (n = 43, group 1) and double-balloon (n = 43, group 2) mitral valvotomies were compared in a patient-to-patient matched study. Matching was based on patients' age, mitral valve echo score, fluoroscopic calcification, mitral valve area before valvotomy, and follow-up period. The mean follow-up period was 13 +/- 9 months for both groups. At follow-up, 72% of patients were symptom free in each group; 2 (4.7%) patients in group 1 and 1 (2.3%) patient in group 2 underwent mitral valve replacement surgery. Of these 3 patients, 2 died after surgery, 1 from each group. The mitral valve area by Doppler was 1.8 +/- 0.3 cm2 in group 1 and 1.8 +/- 0.4 cm2 in group 2 (p = 0.7); the area by echo planimetry was 1.7 +/- 0.3 cm2 in group 1 and 1.8 +/- 0.3 cm2 in group 2 (p = 0.3) at follow-up. Restenosis occurred in 5 (12%) patients from each group. The cumulative restenosis-free rate was 96% at 1 years, 78% at 2 years, and 58% at 3 years in group 1 and 98%, 76%, and 51%, respectively, in group 2 (p = 0.8). Balloon selection did not appear to influence the clinical outcome at follow-up. We conclude that both the inoue balloon and the double-balloon valvotomies are effective therapies with comparable follow-up results for patients with mitral stenosis.

PMID:
7631618
DOI:
10.1016/0002-8703(95)90451-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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