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Oncogene. 1995 Aug 3;11(3):587-96.

Differential effects by Mad and Max on transformation by cellular and viral oncoproteins.

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Institut für Tumorbiologie, Universität Wien, Austria.


c-Myc is an essential component of the regulatory mechanisms controlling cell growth. Max is the obligatory partner of c-Myc for all its biological functions analysed to date. Recently two Max interacting proteins, Mad and Mxi1, have been identified. It has been suggested that these two proteins modulate c-Myc function, in the simplest model by competing with c-Myc for the interaction with Max. We have analysed different aspects of Mad function in comparison to Max. Native Mad/Max heterodimers bound specifically to a c-Myc/Max consensus DNA binding site. Furthermore Mad inhibited efficiently c-Myc, mutant p53, adenovirus E1a, or human papilloma virus type 16 transformation of rat embryo cells in cooperation with activated Ha-Ras. Myc transformed clones showed an increased cell cycle time and a reduced immortalization frequency after cotransfection with either mad or max. In contrast to Mad, Max did not inhibit E1a/Ha-Ras cotransformation but repressed c-Myc/Ha-Ras transformation efficiently. Mad delta N, an N-terminal deletion mutant of Mad, was as efficient in repressing c-Myc/Ha-Ras cotransformation as full length Mad but showed little inhibitory activity when assayed on E1a/Ha-Ras. Unlike wt Mad, Mad delta N had little effect on cell growth. Our data suggest that Mad affects cell growth at least in part by a c-Myc independent mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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