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J Surg Res. 1995 Jul;59(1):141-5.

Hypoxia-induced alterations of neutrophil membrane receptors.

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Department of Surgery, Universit of California at Irvine.


Extravasation of leukocytes at sites of ischemia may mediate tissue injury. To determine how leukocyte accumulation may be induced by ischemia, effects of hypoxia on basal neutrophil expression of adhesion and activation receptors were examined. Effects of hypoxia upon preactivated cells were also studied. To determine whether regulation of expression is dependent on oxygen availability or on mitochondrial respiration, the effects of physical hypoxia (substitution of O2 by nitrogen) were compared with those of chemical hypoxia with sodium cyanide (NaCN). Leukocytes in whole blood (eight volunteers) were exposed either to hypoxia alone or to priming concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 microgram/ml) followed by chemical hypoxia (NaCN, 1 mM) or physical hypoxia (PO2 of 1-10 torr) for various time intervals. Room air was controlled and hypoxic cells were labeled with fluorescent monoclonal antibodies to integrins CD18 and CD11b or to the 55-kDa TNF alpha cell surface receptor (TNFR). Receptor concentrations were measured by flow cytometry. Data were analyzed by ANOVA/Student's t test. Physical hypoxia increased expression of both CD11b and CD18 over time and augmented their LPS-induced up-regulation. Isolated chemical hypoxia did not change neutrophil expression of CD11b or CD18, but partially inhibited neutrophil CD11b and CD18 up-regulation by LPS. LPS-induced TNFR down-regulation was not affected by physical hypoxia, which failed to alter TNFR expression in this model.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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