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J Biol Chem. 1995 Jul 28;270(30):17652-5.

MacMARCKS mutation blocks macrophage phagocytosis of zymosan.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA.


A major protein kinase C substrate, MacMARCKS (F52, MPR), was examined for its role in phagocytosis. In macrophage-phagocytosing zymosan particles, MacMARCKS was concentrated around nascent phagosomes as detected by immunofluorescent microscopy. The effector domain of MacMARCKS contains the phosphorylation sites, a calmodulin binding site, as well as a putative actin binding site. Stable J774 macrophage cell lines constitutively expressing effector domain deletion mutants of MacMARCKS were generated. When given zymosan particles, these transfectants showed approximately a 90% reduction in their phagocytic capacity. The receptor-mediated endocytosis of acetylated low density lipoproteins, however, was not affected by the mutant. These results strongly suggest the involvement of MacMARCKS in macrophage phagocytosis.

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