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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1995 Aug 1;207(3):331-4.

Paraneoplastic bullous stomatitis in a horse.

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Department of Large Animal Surgery and Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849-5522, USA.


An adult horse with a 2-month history of anorexia, ataxia, and oral blisters had developed these clinical signs just prior to the appearance and growth of a cervical mass. Bullous stomatitis was characterized histologically as subepidermal clefting. Clinical signs were unresponsive to treatment with antibiotics or corticosteroids; however, surgical removal of the mass coincided with remission of all signs. Histologic findings of the mass were consistent with hemangiosarcoma. Results of indirect immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation on frozen serum from the horse were characteristic of paraneoplastic pemphigus in human beings, a newly recognized mucocutaneous autoimmune disease associated with neoplasia.

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