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Free Radic Biol Med. 1995 Jun;18(6):1023-32.

Determination of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine by an immunoaffinity chromatography-monoclonal antibody-based ELISA.

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Cancer Center/Division of Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The postulated importance of oxidative damage to DNA in aging and age-related degenerative pathologies such as cancer has prompted efforts to develop sensitive quantitation methods. 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a widely used marker for oxidative damage to DNA. To develop an immunoassay for quantitation of 8-OHdG, two monoclonal antibodies have been developed and characterized by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Antibody 1F7 has 50% inhibition at 5 pmol 8-OHdG and 1 x 10(5) pmol dG, while antibody 1F11 has 50% inhibition at 2.5 pmol 8-OHdG and 2000 pmol dG. Both antisera crossreact with guanosine and several structurally related derivatives, including 6- and 8-mercaptoguanosine, 8-bromoguanosine, 8-methylguanine, and 7-methylguanosine. Immunoaffinity columns were prepared with antibody 1F7, which exhibits higher selectivity than 1F11, to isolate 8-OHdG from DNA hydrolyzates followed by ELISA quantitation with antibody 1F11. This method allows the analysis of approximately one 8-OHdG/10(5) dG using 100 micrograms DNA. To validate the assay, DNA extracted from human placental tissues were assayed by both ELISA and HPLC with electrochemical detection. Values by both methods correlated well (r = 0.87, p < 0.001), but the levels determined by ELISA were approximately sixfold higher than those determined by HPLC. This may be due to oligonucleotides detected by the ELISA but not the HPLC method or crossreactivity with other damaged bases present in the immunoaffinity purified material. Placental samples from current smokers had significantly higher 8-OHdG by ELISA than those from nonsmokers (p < 0.05). The method of immunoaffinity purification combined with ELISA quantitation has sufficient sensitivity for detecting 8-OHdG in human DNA samples. Although absolute values are higher than those determined by HPLC, the method provides a good alternative to the HPLC-EC method for monitoring relative oxidative damage in molecular epidemiological studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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