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Clin Genet. 1995 Apr;47(4):175-9.

Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency: biochemical and molecular genetic analysis for prenatal diagnosis.

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Universitäts-Kinderklinik, Göttingen, Germany.


Inherited deficiency of the glycolytic enzyme triosephosphate isomerase leads to a multisystem disorder characterized by progressive neuromuscular dysfunction, chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia and increased susceptibility to severe infections. Most patients die within the first 6 years. We examined a family with severe triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. The 1-year-old index patient suffered from hemolytic anemia, neuromuscular impairment and pneumonias, with the necessity of intermitten mechanical ventilation. Triosephosphate isomerase activity in erythrocytes was reduced to about 20% of normal. Heat stability of the enzyme was strongly reduced; concentration of the physiological substrate, dihydroxyacetone phosphate was increased 20-fold due to the metabolic block. Direct sequencing of the triosephosphate isomerase gene revealed homozygosity for the formerly described GAG-->GAC-mutation changing 104 Glu-->Asp. During a 2nd pregnancy we examined a cord blood sample obtained in the 19th gestational week. The biochemical data on enzyme activity, heat stability of the enzyme and concentration of dihydroxyacetone phosphate were in the normal range. The molecular genetic analysis confirmed the presence of the normal triosephosphate isomerase alleles. Pregnancy was continued, resulting in the delivery of an unaffected, healthy newborn.

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