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Hum Mutat. 1995;5(4):318-26.

Identification of a novel mutation causing aspartylglucosaminuria reveals a mutation hotspot region in the aspartylglucosaminidase gene.

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Department of Human Molecular Genetics, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.


Aspartylglucosaminuria (AGU) is a recessively inherited metabolic disorder caused by the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme, aspartylglucosaminidase. The worldwide most common mutation causing the disease is the AGUFin, enriched in Finland; all the other known AGU mutations are family-specific. We developed exon-specific primers to facilitate mutation search directly from the genomic DNA and identified a novel mutation, designated AGUFin minor, in seven Finnish AGUFin compound heterozygote patients. This deletion/frameshift mutation creates a premature translational termination codon and was shown to result in severely reduced transcript levels as quantified by the solid-phase minisequenching method. Genealogical data on this novel mutation suggest its relatively recent introduction into the population. The AGU mutations identified so far have been reported to be evenly distributed throughout the 1 kb coding region of the AGA cDNA. We identified a mutation hotspot region of 40 bp within the 12.5 kb AGA gene containing two previously identified mutations and the novel AGUFin minor mutation characterized in this study.

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