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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Jul 26;212(3):1022-8.

G beta gamma directly binds to the carboxyl terminus of the G protein-gated muscarinic K+ channel, GIRK1.

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Department of Cell Biology and Signaling, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Japan.


beta gamma Subunits of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G beta gamma) activate the inwardly rectifying muscarinic K+ channel, GIRK1. The significant role for the carboxyl (C) terminus of GIRK1 in this interaction has been suggested. However, it is still unknown whether G beta gamma directly interacts with GIRK1. To elucidate the molecular basis of G beta gamma-activation of GIRK1, we examined the binding properties of G beta gamma to the C terminus of GIRK1 cloned from mouse brain cDNA library (MB-GIRK1). The C terminus of MB-GIRK1 fused with glutathione S-transferase directly bound to purified G beta gamma. Incubation of the C terminus with Gi pretreated with GTP gamma S, but not with GDP, resulted in the binding of Gi beta gamma to the protein. Purified G alpha-GDP, but not G alpha-GTP gamma S, inhibited the binding of G beta gamma to the fusion protein. These results indicate that G beta gamma dissociated from G alpha may directly bind to the C terminus of GIRK1.

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