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Parasite Immunol. 1995 Apr;17(4):207-14.

Trypanosoma cruzi-induced decrease in the level of interferon-gamma receptor expression by resting and activated human blood lymphocytes.

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Department of Microbiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 44824, USA.


A substantial proportion of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) manifested a decreased capacity to express membrane interferon-gamma receptors (IFN-gamma R) when co-cultured with Trypanosoma cruzi. Among the lymphocytes, B cells accounted for the bulk of this effect, evidenced by a marked drop in the proportion of CD19+ or CD20+ cells expressing IFN-gamma R. Decreased IFN-gamma R expression by B lymphocytes was seen as early as 3 h after co-culture with T. cruzi and persisted for at least 24 h. The parasite had no detectable effect on CD19, CD20 or DR antigen expression by B lymphocytes. Neither the proportion of B cells expressing these markers nor the membrane density of these molecules varied significantly in the presence of T. cruzi. In PBMC cultures stimulated with Staphlyococcus aureus Cowan I (SACI), T. cruzi decreased the percentages of both IFN-gamma R+ and IFN-R+bright (cells expressing above-normal levels of surface IFN-gamma R) B lymphocytes. Cell-free filtrates of T. cruzi suspensions reproduced the suppressive effects of living parasites on IFN-gamma R expression by B cells. When T. cruzi present, the intracellular levels of IFN-gamma R molecules in resting or SACI-activated B lymphocytes, represented by fluorescence intensity, were well below control values, suggesting that decreased surface expression resulted from suppressed IFN-gamma R synthesis. Among T (CD3+) cells, 10.8% to 39.6% (7 donors) expressed surface IFN-gamma R and did so at a very low level. These percentages were also reduced by T. cruzi.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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