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J Periodontol. 1995 May;66(5):329-38.

A comparison of topical ketorolac, systemic flurbiprofen, and placebo for the inhibition of bone loss in adult periodontitis.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontics, University of Alabama School of Dentistry, Birmingham, USA.

Abstract

Systemic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to reduce alveolar bone loss in periodontitis. This study assesses the efficacy of a topical NSAID rinse, containing ketorolac tromethamine as the active agent. Adult periodontitis patients (n = 55) were studied in this 6-month randomized, double blind, parallel, placebo and positive-controlled study. Each patient had a least 3 sites at high risk for bone loss as assessed by low dose bone scan. Groups, balanced for gender, were assigned to one of three regimens: bid ketorolac rinse (0.1%) with placebo capsule; 50 mg bid flurbiprofen capsule (positive control) with placebo rinse; or bid placebo rinse and capsule. Prophylaxes were provided every 3 months. Monthly examinations assessed safety, gingival condition, and gingival crevicular fluid PGE2. Standardized radiographs were taken at baseline and at 3 and 6 months for digital subtraction radiography. A significant loss in bone height was observed during the study period in the placebo group (-0.63 +/- 0.11; P < 0.001), but not in the flurbiprofen (-0.10 +/- 0.12; P = 0.40) or ketorolac rinse (+0.20 +/- 0.11 mm; P = 0.07) groups. Nested ANOVA revealed that ketorolac and flurbiprofen groups had less bone loss (P < 0.01) and reduced gingival crevicular fluid PGE2 levels (P < 0.03) compared to placebo. ANOVA suggests (P = 0.06) that ketorolac rinse preserved more alveolar bone than systemic flurbiprofen at the dose regimens utilized. These data indicate that ketorolac rinse may be beneficial in the treatment of adult periodontitis.

PMID:
7623251
DOI:
10.1902/jop.1995.66.5.329
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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