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Immunol Lett. 1995 Feb;45(1-2):53-60.

Outcome of infection with different strains of Trypanosoma cruzi in mice lacking CD4 and/or CD8.

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Immunology Laboratory, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Mice lacking CD4 and/or CD8 gene expression, generated by embryonic stem-cell technology, were used to study the role of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the resistance to the acute infection with virulent (Tulahuén and RA) or mild (CA-I) strains of Trypanosoma cruzi. The presence of both CD4+ and CD8+ cells contributed to the survival of mice infected with T. cruzi, and each T-cell subtype was able to sustain protective functions in the absence of the other one. However, in certain host-parasite combinations, CD8+ cell-independent mechanisms were able to control the parasite load. Moreover, CD8- mice chronically infected with a low virulent strain of T. cruzi were protected from an otherwise lethal challenge with the parasite. A different organ distribution of parasite nests was observed when mutant (but not wild type) animals infected with different parasite strains were compared. CD4- mice produced high levels of IgG antibodies against peptide antigens or a whole homogenate from the parasite after infection with CA-I strain. A dramatic enhancement of IgG1- and IgG2a-specific antibodies was observed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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