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Immunol Lett. 1995 Feb;45(1-2):47-51.

Functional role of CD26 on human B lymphocytes.

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Institute of Experimental Internal Medicine, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany.


CD26 is a well-known activation marker on T cells and natural killer (NK) cells [1]. It is identical with the ectopeptidase dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV). The expression of CD26 on B cells has been discussed controversially [2,3]. We have studied the expression of this enzyme on B cells from the peripheral blood of healthy donors and of CVID patients, on cells of the Daudi Burkitt line and the EBV-transformed B-cell lines Jojo and Laz509. DP IV was detected by using anti-CD26 monoclonal antibodies and with help of specific enzyme substrates. Further the influence of specific synthetic DP IV inhibitors on mitogenic activation of purified B cells and DNA synthesis of cell lines was studied. We could show that in both groups 0-5% of freshly isolated CD20-positive B cells do express the CD26 antigen. After stimulation with pokeweed mitogen or St. aureus protein, the fraction of CD26-positive cells was enhanced up to 51% and 36%, respectively. Interestingly, induction of CD26 expression on B cells from CVID patients occurs in a manner similar to the B cells from healthy donors. Treatment of peripheral blood B cells and B-cell lines with highly specific competitive DP IV inhibitors leads to a significant inhibition of DNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. These data show that CD26 can be considered to be an activation marker not only of T- and NK cells but also of a main population of B cells, suggesting an involvement of CD26 in B-cell activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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