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Clin Infect Dis. 1995 May;20(5):1207-16.

Disseminated acanthamoeba infection in patients with AIDS: case reports and review.

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Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA.


Acanthamoeba infection has been described as an opportunistic infection in persons with AIDS. We report two cases of patients with AIDS and acanthamoeba infection and review the manifestations of this protozoan infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. The diagnosis of this infection requires a high index of suspicion because the clinical and histologic manifestations may be confused with those of disseminated fungal or algal disease. Clinicians and laboratory personnel should be aware of this potentially fatal condition so that appropriate diagnostic studies can be performed and treatment can be urgently administered. Early initiation of therapy may alter the clinical outcome of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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