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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Jul 13;1257(2):181-8.

Purification and characterization of lysophospholipase-transacylase (h-LPTA) from a highly virulent strain of Candida albicans.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

A lysophospholipase-transacylase (h-LPTA) was purified to homogeneity from a clinical isolate of Candida albicans (C. albicans) that had high extracellular phospholipase activity (strain 16240). The purified enzyme was a glycoprotein with molecular mass of 84 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The specific activities of the enzyme were 117 mumol/min per mg protein for fatty acid release and 459 mumol/min per mg protein for phosphatidylcholine (PC) formation. An apparent Km of the hydrolase activity of the enzyme for 1-palmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (1-palmitoyl-lyso-PC) was 60.6 microM. The enzyme had a pH optimum at 6.0. Transacylase activity of the enzyme was partially inhibited by palmitoylcarnitine (35% inhibition) and N-ethylmaleimide. In contrast, the hydrolase activity of the enzyme was stimulated by palmitoylcarnitine but was partially inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide. The enzyme exhibited broad specificity to lyso-phospholipids. The h-LPTA activity was not dependent on divalent cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+) and was not inhibited by addition of EDTA or EGTA. These results show that C. albicans strain 16240 with high extracellular phospholipase activity produced h-LPTA in large amount. This enzyme is biochemically distinct from the LPTA enzyme previously isolated from C. albicans 3125.

PMID:
7619859
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2760(95)00072-k
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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