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Neuron. 1995 Jul;15(1):63-78.

T-brain-1: a homolog of Brachyury whose expression defines molecularly distinct domains within the cerebral cortex.

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Nina Ireland Laboratory of Developmental Neurobiology, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.


The mechanisms that regulate regional specification and evolution of the cerebral cortex are obscure. To this end, we have identified and characterized a novel murine and human gene encoding a putative transcription factor related to the Brachyury (T) gene that is expressed only in postmitotic cells. T-brain-1 (Tbr-1) mRNA is largely restricted to the cerebral cortex, where during embryogenesis it distinguishes domains that we propose may give rise to paleocortex, limbic cortex, and neocortex. Tbr-1 and Id-2 expression in the neocortex have discontinuities that define molecularly distinct neocortical areas. Tbr-1 expression is analyzed in the context of the prosomeric model. Topological maps are proposed for the organization of the dorsal telencephalon.

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