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J Hum Lact. 1994 Jun;10(2):79-86.

The occurrence of breast engorgement.


This study describes breast engorgement during days 1-14 postpartum of 114 first and second time vaginal- and cesarean-delivery breastfeeding mothers. Most mothers reported experiencing their most intense engorgement after hospital discharge. Previous breastfeeding experience of the mother is a more critical variable than parity in predicting engorgement. Second time breastfeeding mothers experienced engorgement sooner and more severely than did first time breastfeeding mothers, regardless of delivery method. Anticipatory guidance by the care provider is discussed in an effort to enhance the experience of the breastfeeding dyad.

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