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J Neurochem. 1995 Aug;65(2):889-94.

Evidence that 5'-cytidinediphosphocholine can affect brain phospholipid composition by increasing choline and cytidine plasma levels.

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Department of Physiology, University of La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.


We examined the effects of orally administered 5'-cytidinediphosphocholine (CDP-choline) on arterial plasma choline and cytidine levels and on brain phospholipid composition in rats. Animals receiving a single oral dose of 100, 250, or 500 mg/kg showed peak plasma choline levels 6-8 h after drug administration (from 12 +/- 1 to 17 +/- 2, 19 +/- 2, and 24 +/- 2 microM, respectively). The area under the plasma choline curve at > 14 microM, i.e., at a concentration that induces a net influx of choline into the brain, was significantly correlated with CDP-choline dose. In rats receiving 500 mg/kg this area was 2.3 times that of animals consuming 250 mg/kg, which in turn was 1.8 times that of rats receiving 100 mg/kg. Plasma cytidine concentrations increased 5.4, 6.5, and 15.1 times baseline levels, respectively, 8 h after each of the three doses. When the oral CDP-choline treatment was prolonged for 42 and 90 days, brain phosphatidylcholine concentrations increased significantly (by 22-25%; p < 0.05) in rats consuming 500 mg/kg/day. Brain phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine concentrations also increased significantly under some experimental conditions; levels of other phospholipids were unchanged.

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