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Brain Res. 1995 Apr 10;676(2):352-7.

Amino acids and ammonia in the cerebral cortex, the corpus striatum and the brain stem of the mouse prior to the onset and after a seizure induced by hyperbaric oxygen.

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Laboratoire de Physiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Brest, France.


The contents of amino acids (AA) and ammonia (NH3) were measured in corpus striatum, brain stem and cerebral cortex of two strains of mice exposed to hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Mice of the HBO-sensitive strain (CD1) were exposed to 600 kPa O2 for 24 min versus 90 min for mice of the normal C57 strain, so that 50% of the mice in both strains developed a generalized convulsion. In the cortex of exposed but unconvulsed (EXUN) C57 mice, the contents of taurine, glutamine and NH3 increased while that of GABA decreased when compared to control mice. In the CD1 mice, NH3 content was increased while that of Asp decreased. After a convulsion, NH3 was increased in both strains, the AA contents returned to normal in C57 but Asp remained low in CD1 mice. Somewhat similar changes occurred in the striatum except that NH3 levels were less affected while GABA ones were significantly decreased in the CD1 mice exposed to HBO, whether convulsed or not. In the EXUN brain stem, Asp and Glu contents decreased. These decreases were greater in C57 on a percentage basis than in CD1 mice. GABA content was decreased in the C57 strain. After a convulsion, Asp and Glu levels remained low and NH3 accumulated in CD1 whereas in C57 only the Glu level was decreased. The cortical and striatal changes may indicate a lesser GABA supply in C57 strain and some Asp release in CD1 strain. In the brain stem of both strains, Asp and Glu release is possible in addition to GABA in C57 strain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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