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Eur J Neurosci. 1995 May 1;7(5):1080-8.

Peripheral myelin protein-22 is expressed in rat and mouse brain and spinal cord motoneurons.

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Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Cellulaire, Moléculaire et Clinique, INSERM U-134, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.


Peripheral myelin protein PMP-22 is expressed by Schwann cells and is a constituent of peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelin. Two PMP-22 transcripts, SR13 and CD25, differing in their 5' non-coding sequences have been described. SR13 is present both in the PNS and in non-neural tissue, whereas CD25 mRNA is almost exclusively expressed in Schwann cells. PMP-22 mRNA is also present in the central nervous system (CNS), but at much lower levels than in the PNS. We have investigated the regional distribution of PMP-22 mRNA in the rat and mouse CNS by the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction method, using oligonucleotide primers specific for the SR13 or CD25 transcripts. SR13 mRNA was detected in all the CNS regions analysed, whereas the CD25 message was present only in the brainstem and the spinal cord. Localization of the PMP-22 transcripts, determined by in situ hybridization in 21 day-old animals, showed selective expression in the motor nuclei. The PMP-22 signal was very weak in the nuclei of the oculomotor and trochlear nerves and absent in the nucleus of the abducens nerve. A strong PMP-22 signal was observed in the motor nuclei of the trigeminal, facial, ambigus, vagus, hypoglossal and accessory spinal nerves and in the ventral horn of the spinal cord. The PMP-22-positive cells were identified as motoneurons on the basis of topographic and morphological criteria, as well as immunolabelling with neuron-specific antibodies.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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