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Biophys J. 1995 May;68(5):2181-9.

Spatio-temporal patterns generated by Salmonella typhimurium.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.

Abstract

We present experimental results on the bacterium Salmonella typhimurium which show that cells of chemotactic strains aggregate in response to gradients of amino acids, attractants that they themselves excrete. Depending on the conditions under which cells are cultured, they form periodic arrays of continuous or perforated rings, which arise sequentially within a spreading bacterial lawn. Based on these experiments, we develop a biologically realistic cell-chemotaxis model to describe the self-organization of bacteria. Numerical and analytical investigations of the model mechanism show how the two types of observed geometric patterns can be generated by the interaction of the cells with chemoattractant they produce.

PMID:
7612862
PMCID:
PMC1282123
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(95)80400-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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