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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1995 Apr;29(2):297-309.

Characterization of the 5' and promoter regions of the gene encoding the mouse neuronal cell adhesion molecule F3.

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Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Bari, Italy.


F3 is a 135 kDa neuronal cell surface adhesive glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin supergene family (IgSF) which mediates heterophilic contact formation among neural cells and is involved in the control of neurite growth. F3 expression is regulated, during critical developmental periods, on neuronal subpopulations thus suggesting that control of F3 gene expression could be of morphogenetic relevance. To shed light on the mechanism involved in the control of F3 gene expression we isolated clones covering about 50 kilobases of the F3 gene which also included the promoter region. The study of F3 gene exon/intron organization revealed that, like other neural IgSF molecules, each of the first two F3 C2 domains is encoded by two exons while the N-terminus, the signal peptide and the 5' untranslated region are each encoded by distinct exons. A single transcription start site was identified, surrounded by a short 114 bp sequence able to direct reporter gene expression in both F3-expressing and -non-expressing cells. In addition, a cell type-specific enhancer, only active in F3-expressing cells, was found immediately upstream to it. Structural analysis of the promoter region revealed consensus sequences for binding transcription factors involved in cell type-specific and/or developmental regulations. Most of them are homeobox containing transcription factors thus suggesting that regulation of F3 gene expression could be part of a large developmental program.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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