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J Med Entomol. 1995 Mar;32(2):174-80.

Gene for cytochrome c oxidase subunit II in the mitochondrial DNA of Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).

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National Yang-Ming University, School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.


The cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COII) gene between transfer RNA for Leu and Lys in the mitochondrial DNA of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti (L.) was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Both the gene order and direction of transcription were identical to Anopheles and Drosophila. Nucleotide sequences of the PCR-amplified COII genes in these two mosquitoes exhibited 88% homology, and the frequency of transition was very close to that of transversion. The homology of deduced amino acid sequences of COII between these two mosquitoes was 95%. Two highly conserved segments of COII proteins were found in mosquitoes, fruit flies, locust, and honeybee. These segments contain the major amino acid residues of cytochrome c oxidase involved in electron transport and ligand binding. The amino acid residues are located at the positions similar to those of the mammalian enzymes. Two sets of the phylogenetic trees of a similar pattern were generated by comparing the divergences of nucleotide and amino acid sequences of COII. The branch lengths of the trees estimated by amino acid and nucleotide sequences showed different evolution rates of Aedes and Culex from their common ancestor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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