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J Pers Soc Psychol. 1995 Jun;68(6):1152-62.

Overly positive self-evaluations and personality: negative implications for mental health.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

The relation between overly positive self-evaluations and psychological adjustment was examined. Three studies, two based on longitudinal data and another on laboratory data, contrasted self-descriptions of personality with observer ratings (trained examiners or friends) to index self-enhancement. In the longitudinal studies, self-enhancement was associated with poor social skills and psychological maladjustment 5 years before and 5 years after the assessment of self-enhancement. In the laboratory study, individuals who exhibited a tendency to self-enhance displayed behaviors, independently judged, that seemed detrimental to positive social interaction. These results indicate there are negative short-term and long-term consequences for individuals who self-enhance and, contrary to some prior formulations, imply that accurate appraisals of self and of the social environment may be essential elements of mental health.

PMID:
7608859
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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