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J Neurol Sci. 1995 Apr;129(2):223-7.

Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis and other inflammatory neurological diseases.

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Department of Neurology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


The level of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha), a newly discovered cytokine of chemokine family, was determined in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 18 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and from control patients with other neurological disorders by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The concentration of MIP-1 alpha in CSF was significantly elevated in MS in relapse (4.4 pg/ml) compared with non-inflammatory neurological disease control samples (0.3 pg/ml) (p < 0.0002). These concentrations in MS patients correlated well with leukocyte cell counts and protein content in CSF (r = 0.845, p < 0.0001; r = 0.853, p < 0.0001, respectively). In other inflammatory neurological disorders such as Beh├žet's disease and HTLV-1 associated myelopathy, significantly increased CSF levels of MIP-1 alpha were also observed. Chemokines are reported to play an important role in an early event of inflammation such as lymphocyte traffic. This report is the first study which confirmed the involvement of a chemokine in MS and other inflammatory neurological disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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