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Genomics. 1995 Apr 10;26(3):467-72.

Genomic organization and complete cDNA sequence of the human phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C beta 3 gene (PLCB3).

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


We have characterized the complete cDNA sequence, genomic structure, and expression of the human phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C beta 3 (PLC beta 3) gene (gene symbol PLCB3). PLC beta 3 plays an important role in initiating receptor-mediated signal transduction. Activation of PLC takes place in many cells as a response to stimulation by hormones, growth factors, neurotransmitters, and other ligands. The partial cDNA sequence of PLC beta 3, previously published, was extended with 876 bp in the 5' direction, giving a transcript of 4400 bp and a total open reading frame of 1234 amino acids. This was in accordance with expression analysis by Northern blotting that revealed a single 4.4-kb transcript in all tissues tested. Genomic data were obtained by sequencing plasmid subclones of a cosmid that contained the whole gene. The size of the complete transcription unit was estimated to be on the order of 15 kb. The gene contains 31 exons, with all splice donor and acceptor sites conforming to the GT/AG rule. No exon exceeds 571 bp in length, and the shortest exon spans only 36 bp. More than half of the introns are smaller than 200 bp, with the smallest being only 79 bp long. The transcription initiation site was determined to be within an 8-bp cluster 328-321 bp upstream of the translation initiation site. The 5'flanking region is highly GC rich, with multiple CpG doublets, and contains multiple binding sites for Sp1. Lacking typical transcriptional regulatory sequences such as TATA and CAAT boxes, the putative promoter region conforms to the group of housekeeping promoters.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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