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Clin Exp Metastasis. 1995 Jul;13(4):249-59.

Antitumor effects of liposomal IL1 alpha and TNF alpha against the pulmonary metastases of the B16F10 murine melanoma in syngeneic mice.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Interleukin 1 alpha (IL1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) have been successfully incorporated into specific phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylserine (PS) multilamellar vesicle (MLV) liposomes by modifying the concentration of calcium ion and pH of the encapsulation buffer. Under these conditions, some of the cytokines may attach to the exterior surface of the MLV and therefore be readily accessible to target cells for receptor binding and signal transduction. These cytokine-associated liposomes are stable for up to 2 weeks in serum-free buffer, and leakage of cytokines into medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum was about 50% at the end of a 3-day incubation period at 37 degrees C. The biological activities mediated by liposomal IL1 alpha and TNF alpha were specific: the stimulation of thymidine uptake in T-helper D10 lymphocytes and the cytolysis of TNF alpha-sensitive L929 target cells could be blocked by specific neutralizing antibodies in a dose-dependent fashion. When administered intravenously into C57BL/6 mice bearing the syngeneic B16F10 murine melanoma cells, dual entrapment of liposomal IL1 alpha and TNF alpha significantly reduced the number of metastatic tumor nodules in the lungs and prolonged the life span of the animals. Thus, liposomal IL1 alpha and TNF alpha displayed significant in vivo antitumor activity against the IL1 alpha- and TNF alpha-resistant B16F10 metastatic murine melanoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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