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Chromosome Res. 1995 Jun;3(4):245-54.

Characterization of a new family of tobacco highly repetitive DNA, GRS, specific for the Nicotiana tomentosiformis genomic component.

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Institute of Biophysics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno.


Members of a new family of highly repetitive DNA sequences called GRS were isolated from Nicotiana tabacum L. genomic DNA and characterized. Cloned, sequenced monomeric units (180-182 bp) of GRS exhibit properties characteristic of molecules that possess a stable curvature. The GRS family represents about 0.15% of total genomic DNA (10(4) copies per haploid genome) and could be derived from either Nicotiana tomentosiformis or Nicotiana otophora, two possible ancestors of the T genome of the amphidiploid N. tabacum. Sequence homology between the HRS60 (Koukalová et al. 1989) and the GRS family has been estimated to be 57%. In situ hybridization was used to localize GRS on mitotic chromosomes. Hybridization signals were obtained on five pairs of chromosomes at intercalary sites of the longer chromosome arms. The majority of GRS sequences appeared to be organized in tandem arrays and a minority were found to be dispersed through the genome in short clusters, interspersed with other types of DNA repeats, including 25S rDNA sequences. Several loci containing both GRS and HRS60 were also found. Such hybrid loci may indicate intergenomic transfer of the DNA in the amphidiploid N. tabacum. GRS sequences, like HRS60 (Fajkus et al. 1992), were found to specify the location of nucleosomes. The position of the nucleosome core has been mapped with respect to a conserved Mbol site in the GRS sequence and an oligo A/T tract is a major centre of the DNA curvature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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