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Ann Epidemiol. 1995 May;5(3):179-85.

Association of high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol with mortality and other risk factors for major chronic noncommunicable diseases in samples of US and Russian men.

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National Center for Preventive Medicine of the Russian Federation, Moscow.


Previous reports from the Russian Lipid Research Clinics (LRC) study showed no association between the level of high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), while US LRC data indicated a strong negative association between HDL cholesterol and CHD mortality. This report investigated the association of HDL cholesterol and mortality in these same population samples with follow-up extended to 12 years. The association between HDL cholesterol and mortality remained inverse and significant in the US sample. In the Russian sample, high levels of HDL cholesterol were associated with higher risk of all-cause and cancer mortality, although adjustment for known risk factors reduced the strength of the association. The association between HDL cholesterol and CHD mortality was negative in the Russian sample, although the strength of the association was less than that for the US sample. Extended follow-up reduced the difference in the association between HDL cholesterol and mortality between the two countries; however, important differences remained. Further research will be required to clearly determine the cause for their differences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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