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Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 1995 Spring;9(1):39-46.

Rarefied white matter in patients with Alzheimer disease.

Author information

1
Center for Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, USA.

Abstract

Magnetic resonance head scans of 94 patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD) and 45 patients with possible AD were examined prospectively to determine the prevalence and significance of rarefied cerebral white matter (leukoaraiosis) in patients with AD. Only 8.7% of patients with probable AD and 11.1% of patients with possible AD exhibited large confluent areas of subcortical leukoaraiosis. The remaining patients had variable degrees of leukoaraiosis surrounding the lateral ventricles. The magnitude of leukoaraiosis correlated with the patient's age but not with the Hachinski Ischemic and Mini Mental Status scores. Postmortem studies of two Alzheimer patients showed that their large confluent areas of subcortical leukoaraiosis consisted of rarefied white matter, gliosis, and arteriosclerotic small arteries. Eight additional Alzheimer patients who underwent autopsy had similar but less pronounced white matter changes limited to the periventricular regions of the cerebral hemispheres. Large confluent areas of rarefied subcortical white matter occur in a small minority of Alzheimer patients and are probably not caused by AD.

PMID:
7605620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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