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J Bacteriol. 1995 Jul;177(13):3865-9.

Expression of the narX, narL, narP, and narQ genes of Escherichia coli K-12: regulation of the regulators.

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Section of Microbiology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-8101, USA.


The products of four Escherichia coli genes (narX, narL, narQ, and narP) regulate anaerobic respiratory gene expression in response to nitrate and nitrite. We used lacZ gene and operon fusions to monitor the expression of these nar regulatory genes in response to different growth conditions. Maximal expression of the narXL operon required molybdate, nitrate, and integration host factor. Expression of the narP and narQ genes was weakly repressed by nitrate. The NarL and NarP proteins were required for full nitrate induction of narXL operon expression, whereas the nitrate repression of narP and narQ expression was mediated solely by the NarL protein. narXL operon expression was unaffected by anaerobiosis, whereas expression of narP and narQ was induced approximately fourfold. The Fnr and ArcA proteins were not required for this anaerobic induction.

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